What to Know About Benzodiazepine Tranquillizers

What to Know About Benzodiazepine Tranquillizers
November 09 10:51 2017 Print This Article

Benzodiazepines tranquilizers, also known as benzos, tranquilizers or downers, are drugs that combat anxiety. The drug was developed in the 1930s but wasn’t released by the manufacturer until about 20 years later. People abuse these drugs because of their sedative effects. These drugs are addictive and can cause life-threatening effects. The best rehab centers in California have the potential to help patients get through benzodiazepine withdrawal. 

Definition of Benzodiazepine Tranquilizers

Benzodiazepine tranquilizers have hypnotic or sedative effects. They relax the muscles and brain by binding with the gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) receptors in the brain. These neurotransmitters have an effect on the motor neurons. The presence of GABA will slow or stop this activity in the brain. GABA slows nerve impulses throughout the body.

They’re easily obtainable from doctors, which means they’re easy to find on the streets. A patient who is prescribed them may become addicted to them even when taking them prescribed, although it’s more likely to become addicted when abusing them. Some examples of drugs in this classification including Xanax, Valium, Tranxene, Rohypnol and Librium. Drugs like Rohypnol are used as “date rape” drugs. 

The GABA receptors in the brain grow accustomed to using the drug. The brain reacts with withdrawal symptoms due to the change. For example, the patient may begin to have difficulty sleeping as a result of benzodiazepine withdrawal. Agitation is common as well. Some people experience profuse sweating, nausea or dizziness. Panic attacks, anxiety and depression can occur in those who suffer from benzodiazepine withdrawal. Headaches may occur, too. Some patients have hallucinations and even suffer from seizures. It’s possible to have a life-threatening seizure when going through withdrawal.

When used as directed or abused, a person may have impaired motor coordination, drowsiness, impaired thinking and memory, fatigue, altered vision, slurred speech and respiratory depression, as short-term effects. Long-term effects of benzos include impaired thinking, judgment and memory. Disorientation, confusion, slurred speech, muscle weakness and a lack of coordination. A tolerance to benzos will develop, which means it takes more and more of the drug to feel the same effects. 

Benefits of Rehab for Benzodiazepine Withdrawal

Benzodiazepine withdrawal can be life-threatening, so a patient who goes through it alone could have a reaction that he or she can’t contend with. The best rehab centers in California prevent the serious reactions through anti-convulsion medications that prevent seizures along with continuous monitoring. If an event should occur, the medical staff will intervene immediately to prevent any serious complications. Therapy is another vital part of the treatment. Therapy helps a patient learn to understand the addiction and cope with the feelings of withdrawal and the cravings. 

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Nettie Gordon
Nettie Gordon

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